Antigua and Barbuda Seeks US Gambling Trade Dispute End

marzo 5, 2020 11:58 am Publicado por Deja tus comentarios

Antigua and Barbuda Seeks US Gambling Trade Dispute End

Gaston Brown, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, who brought up the country’s trade dispute with the US during the United Nations General Assembly final month. (Image:

Antigua and Barbuda, the tiny twin-island Caribbean nation which has been in an online gambling trade dispute with the usa for the decade, is to enter into speaks once the two edges seek to maneuver towards an answer. A meeting is followed by the move involving the islands’ Prime Minister Gaston Browne and US Trade Representative Michael Froman.

The David and Goliath battle started when Antigua and Barbuda objected to the block imposed by the government on its own citizens from using the islands’ online gambling solutions. An international treaty, drawn up by the WTO in 1995, which is designed to remove barriers to trade in 2003, Antigua and Barbuda complained to the World Trade Organization (WTO) that America’s stance contravened the General Agreement on Trades and Services ( GATS.

The result, which likely embarrassed the usa and amazed most likely also Antigua and Barbuda, was that the WTO sided with all the islands, ruling, in March 2004, and on the other hand in 2007, that by refusing market that is full to online gambling operators on the islands, the United States, a paid-up member of the WTO, was in breach of its treaty obligations.

$3.4 Billion in Trade Sanctions

Buoyed by its success, Antigua and Barbuda filed a claim for $3.4 billion in trade sanctions against the usa, into the form of authorization to ignore US patent and the laws of copyright, arguing that this ended up being the value of trade lost as a result regarding the restriction of online gambling services between the two countries. This would potentially have allowed the hawaiian islands to disregard the property that is intellectual people firms, such as for instance those in the movie and music industry, so that you can resell their assets.

The usa, which argued, and continues to do so, so it never intended its commitment to GATS to include on the web gambling, offered various undisclosed concessions to the islands rather than those demanded, but refused to make the nature of these concessions public, despite calls from Congressmen Barney Frank and Ron Paul to do so.

Today the situation remains unresolved,but still burns brightly in the minds the island’s residents. Just last thirty days, Browne brought the matter up at the us General Assembly, where he called on the US to settle the matter, a move that prompted the renewed talks. Both parties have now agreed to construct team to interact on the dispute.

‘we am encouraged that my administration has been in a position to secure an ending up in the United States Trade Representative, Ambassador Froman, so early,’ said Browne. ‘Ambassador Froman is a Cabinet-level officer of the United States Government and this should facilitate decision-making on policy things.’

History of on line in Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda ended up being an early adopter of online gambling, creating a framework for regulation as far back as 1994, whenever industry was in its infancy. Low taxes and investment in technology infrastructure soon began operators that are drawing. By the year 2000, the islands had 93 online gambling licensees who had been turning in $ 7 billion in revenue among them. This had been also around the time that the united states started breaking straight down on online gambling operators and barring banks from processing transactions, and as a result the number of licensees started to plunge, decimating the industry on the islands.

By 2002, the amount of operators had dropped to 38 and, by the the following year, when Antigua and Barbuda filed its complaint to the WTO, over 80 percent had left the area.

Trump Taj Mahal Protests Create Atlantic City Gridlock

24 everyone was arrested as Taj Mahal union workers protested reduced advantages near Carl Icahn’s Tropicana in Atlantic City. (Image: Ron Tarver/

Trump Taj Mahal employees reduced Atlantic City to gridlock this week that is past blocking roadways in protest against Trump Entertainment’s plans to cut pensions and benefits. The embattled company is searching for permission from a bankruptcy court to break contracts with workers in an attempt to keep the Taj Mahal open and avoid Chapter 11.

Twenty-four people were arrested as hundreds of members of the Unite Here 54 union blocked traffic at the busy downtown intersection of Missouri and Arctic Avenues in a show of prepared ‘civil disobedience.’

No one was reported hurt during the protests and none of the protestors who have been arrested attempted to resist. While Unite right Here said that 750 individuals attended the demonstration, police estimated the true figures at around 300.

Trump Entertainment has stated it is forced to close the Taj on November 13th unless the employment concessions are given. It normally demanding $25 million in aid from local government, plus a significantly paid off tax evaluation. Trump Entertainment has also requested authorization to be bought out by billionaire investor Carl Icahn, the holder that is major of debt, by converting that debt into ownership. As owner, Icahn would then invest $100 million to keep the Taj alive, but that’s ‘if and only if’ the concessions are granted.

Protestors Blame Icahn

Significantly, the demonstrations took place near the Tropicana, which is owned by Icahn, as opposed to the Taj, and it is clear that lots of workers blame him for the hazard to their advantages; many held placards featuring pictures of Icahn, emblazoned with all the motto, ‘Billionaire picking over our bones.’

This week’s protest took destination on the 10th anniversary of the similar labor dispute that saw users of Unite Here 54 go out of seven Atlantic City casinos, effectively shutting them down for 30 days.

‘When they were rolling in money, they wanted to go on it all away from us decade ago,’ said union president Bob McDevitt.

Employees are actually concerned one casino cutting benefits could trigger a domino effect. ‘Casino gambling, when it arrived here 38 years ago, promised middle-class jobs,’ said the Rev. John Scotland, a local presbyterian minister and some of those arrested. ‘with them. if we allow the Taj to take away benefits, all of the gambling enterprises will do away’

Trump Name Removed

Earlier in the week, the Trump title had been eliminated by workers from the front of the Taj. Donald Trump launched a lawsuit several months ago for breach of the licensing agreement he signed with Trump Entertainment 5 years ago. Even though the Taj Mahal, along with the recently shuttered Trump Plaza, had been when one of ‘The Donald’s’ pet projects, he left the casino business in ’09, negotiating a deal with Trump Entertainment to retain a 10 percent stake, in return for continued use of the Trump brand name. Subsequently he has had nothing in connection with the management associated with the Trump properties, and has now been fiercely critical of its owners.

‘This represents a victory that is great us,’ said Ivanka Trump, who confirmed the removal of the title from casino signage. ‘This is an ongoing struggle and we have been litigating it for a few months.’

PPA’s John Pappas Makes Federal Ban Panorama Crystal Murky

John Pappas, PPA President, makes some patently unclear statements about his stand on a federal ban that is online. (Image: Bloomberg/

The Poker Players Alliance (PPA) will fight any legislation that seeks to ban gaming that is online a federal level, even if it contains a carve-out for internet poker. This is the message from John Pappas, president of the grassroots company that fights for the passions of Web poker players throughout the US.

Well, that’s just what it seemed like Pappas ended up being saying, however a subsequent follow-up statement in an interview made his views, shall we say, murky to state the least.

Pappas had been reacting to a range rumors circulating of a move to push by way of a federal bill to ban remote gaming with a carve-out for poker during Congress’ forthcoming lame duck session. Several panelists at the present G2E gambling expo in Las Vegas repeated the rumors, including Bally Technologies CEO John Connelly, who said he expected an initiative to help make ‘everything apart from poker unlawful’ this November.

‘There’s certainly opportunity for some shenanigans to happen [during the duck that is lame] and everyone into the video gaming industry should be maintaining a close watch about what Congress may do,’ warned Pappas. a duck that is lame refers to your period when Congress meets after elections have happened, but before newly elected representatives’ terms begin.

Some posters on poker forums were alarmed at Pappas’ statement, seeing it being a departure from the PPA’s reported goals. In 2012, when Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nevada) and Senator Jon Kyl (R-Arizona) were examining the viability of such a bill, the PPA offered complete help.

Federal Carve-out Acceptable, Or Perhaps Is It?

However, Pappas later clarified his position. Sort of.

‘If there was clearly a bill that banned on line casino games but legalized online poker at the federal degree, we would support that all day long,’ he told Wait, did not he say earlier in the day that without casino games, online isn’t sustainable? We’re confused.

Pappas says he is worried that a ‘carve-out’ for poker that would not legalize the game at a federal degree would merely represent a continuation of the status quo, whereby it would be as much as individual states to decide if they wanted to legalize and regulate, with the exception that online casino gambling would no longer be an alternative for them. On a state level, he says, internet poker needs the additional revenue provided by online casinos to gain a foothold.

‘We’re planning to fight tooth and nail to guard the interests of poker players, but poker-only in the US may not be considered a sustainable model to benefit players, long-term,’ he explained. ‘We as a poker community need to observe that the success of poker often is created on other forms of gaming,’ he included. ‘ If you take off all other games in the usa market, investment and interest would shrink considerably.’

Like we said…huh?


It’s seems likely, too, that the PPA feels it needs to stand strong, under its very own terms, against Adelson while the proponents of Restoration of America’s Wire Act (RAWA) to your bitter end. Just if RAWA is passed by Congress, the case scenario that is worst for the PPA, will it become required to engage in a spot of realpolitik and work to negotiate a carve-out for poker.

However, perhaps an even more threat that is real the PPA than the lame duck session is the Republicans using within the Senate next year as predicted, thus toppling internet poker sympathizer Reid from his position as majority leader. As a major donor to the Republicans, this would truly favor Adelson’s cause.

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